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C. Khare, J. W. Gerlach, T. Höche, B. Fuhrmann, H. S. Leipner, B. Rauschenbach
Effects of annealing on arrays of Ge nanocolumns formed by glancing angle deposition.
Appl. Surf. Sci. 258 (2012), 9762-9769

Post-deposition thermal annealing of glancing angle deposited Ge nanocolumn arrays was carried out in a continuous Ar-flow at temperatures ranging from TA = 300 to 800 °C for different annealing durations. Morphological alterations and the recrystallization process induced by the thermal annealing treatment were investigated for the Ge nanocolumns deposited on planar and pre-patterned Si substrates. From X- ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, the films annealed at TA ? 500 ° C were found to be polycrystalline. On planar Si substrates, at TA = 600 °C nanocolumns exhibited strong coarsening and merging, while a complete disintegration of the nanocolumns was detected at TA = 700 °C. The morphology of nanostructures deposited on pre-patterned substrates differs substantially, where the merging or column-disintegration effect was absent at elevated annealing temperatures. The two-arm-chevron nanostructures grown on pre-patterned substrates retained their complex shape and morphology, after extended annealing intervals. Investigations by transmission electron microscopy revealed nanocrystalline domains of the order of 5?30 nm (in diameter) present within the chevron structures after the annealing treatment.

Keywords: annealing; germanium; nanowires; preparation; temperature dependence; X-ray diffraction; patterning; lithography; transmission electron microscopy
© Elsevier 2012

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